You cannot leave the Cinque Terre without tasting the local wine. Wine making has been a crucial part of the history of the Cinque Terre and the vineyards on the cultivated terraces make this stretch of coastline so unique. People have been making wine here for about a 1,000 years and as you cannot use machines on the terraces, work is done by hand even today. Since the 1970s however, there has been a significant improvement both in quality and quantity due to technical developments. A monorail system has been built to transport grapes, tools and people up and down the steep hills. The 50 small trains make the work and the harvest in the vineyards much easier and more efficient.
Both the white wine Cinque Terre DOC and the sweet dessert wine, the Sciacchetrá Cinque Terre DOC, are worth trying. On the label of Cinque Terre wines, you can see "DOC" (Denominazione di Origine Controllata) since 1973. This means quality wine with controlled origin and strict regulations.
Sciacchetrá is made with the same three grapes. This delicious passito is made with the selection of the best grapes which are dried for about 2 months. It is usually consumed as dessert with typical Italian biscuits (biscotti, pandolce, panforte) dipped into the wine. It is an expensive wine so people usually keep a bottle for special occasions like weddings. When a child is born, it's nice to get a bottle of Sciacchetrá and only open it on the child's 18th birthday.
If you would like to taste local wines with an expert, check out these wine tasting programs. You can even meet the winegrower, visit his vineyard and wine cellar if you book the wine tour above Riomaggiore or the hike with wine tasting.
You can also visit a vineyard and a wine cellar on-line, just watch this video.
Italian gastrotrip: visit to the vineyard and wine cellar of Luciano Capellini.
If you would like to read more about wine in the Cinque Terre, I recommend the beautiful book of Catherina Unger, Vineyards with seaview. (Vigneti con vista mare). I love reading her words about the passion of local people for their land. She introduces all the winegrowers of the Cinque Terre, talking about their history, present and future plans as well. Catherina is a passionate photographer, her beautiful photos accompany the texts. The book also makes a perfect gift for someone interested in wine.